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~ Mademoiselle de Sens, Elizabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon ~ Élisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon (1705–1765) was a French princess of the blood and a daughter of Monsieur le Duc. Her father was the grandson of the Grand Condé and her mother, Madame la Duchesse was the eldest surviving daughter of Louis XIV of France and his Maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan. Élisabeth Alexandrine was born in Paris in 1705, she was one of nine children and her parents' youngest daughter. Named in honour of her older sister Louise Élisabeth and her uncle Louis Alexandre de Bourbon (Count of Toulouse), she was known by her second name of Alexandrine. From birth, she was known at court as Mademoiselle de Gex but would later take on the courtesy title of Mademoiselle de Sens. As a princesse du sang, Alexandrine was addressed with the style of Her Serene Highness. Like most of her sisters, she would never marry. She was considered as a possible bride for her older cousin, Louis d'Orléans, but her aunt, the proud Duchess of Orléans, wanted a more prestigious bride for her son. Élisabeth Alexandrine was never to play a very prominent political role. She was, however, a great friend of the king's mistress, the famous Madame de Pompadour, who had been introduced at court by Alexandrine's older sister and namesake, Louise Élisabeth. She owned much land and many private residences outside of the capital. In 1734, she bought the Hôtel de Noirmoutier on the rue de Grenelles in Paris. She also bought much land surrounding the hôtel and considerably enlarged the property. By the time of her death, she had accumulated a large fortune from the old pensions originally assigned to her cousin, Mademoiselle du Maine (1707–1743), the daughter of Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine and his wife, the famous salon hostess Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon. Élisabeth Alexandrine died in Paris. #elizabethalexandrinedebourbon #bourbon #duchess #conde #louisxiv #pompadour #versailles #madamedemontespan #princess #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlovzer #painting #artist #portrait #womenfromhistory #royal

143 0 Nov 20, 2017

Jangan ngakuu kuat klo blm nabrak tiangg👀 #anakjakartahitz #anakkekinian #hits #explorejakarta #anaksekolahan #insta #womenindo #womenqueen #womenfromhistory

65 0 Nov 20, 2017

~ Art inspiration... 👑 Hope everyone spent a nice week-end 💐 Painting : Charlotte Wolter as Messalina, by Hans Makart (detail) 🎨 #art #artlover #portrait #painting #paintingdetail #detail #artist #messalina #charlottewolter #hansmakart #makart #queen #antiquity #history #historylover #womenfromhistory #feminity #gold

139 0 Nov 19, 2017

~ The Huguenot leader and Henry IV's mother, Jeanne d'Albret ~ Jeanne d'Albret (1528–1572), also known as Jeanne III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King Henry III of Navarre and IV of France, the first Bourbon king of France. She became the Duchess of Vendôme by marriage. Jeanne was the acknowledged spiritual and political leader of the French Huguenot movement, and a key figure in the French Wars of Religion. After her public conversion to Calvinism in 1560, she joined the Huguenot forces. During the first and second war she remained relatively neutral, but in the third war she fled to La Rochelle, becoming the de facto leader. After negotiating a peace treaty with Catherine de Medici and arranging the marriage of her son, Henry, to Catherine's daughter, Marguerite, she died suddenly in Paris. Jeanne was the last active ruler of Navarre. Her son inherited her kingdom, but as he was constantly leading the Huguenot forces, he entrusted the government of Béarn to his sister, Catherine de Bourbon, who held the regency for more than two decades. In 1620, Jeanne's grandson Louis XIII annexed Navarre to the French crown. Like her mother, Jeanne was a skilled author and enjoyed writing poetry. She also wrote her memoirs in which she justified her actions as leader of the Huguenots. #jeannedalbret #henryiv #huguenot #protestant #renaissance #warsofreligion #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlover #artist #painting #portrait #womenfromhistory #ruler #independent #bourbon

104 1 Nov 19, 2017

~ On that day (17/11/1558), Elizabeth Tudor became queen of England 👑 #elizabethi #elizabethtudor #tudor #england #queen #history #historylover #woman #ruler #strong #art #artlover #artist #portrait #painting #womenfromhistory #otd #onthatday

229 3 Nov 17, 2017

~ The Henry IV's sister and queen of Béarn, Catherine de Bourbon ~ . Catherine de Bourbon (1559–1604) was the daughter of Queen Jeanne III and King Antoine ( de Bourbon ) of Navarre. She ruled the principality of Béarn in the name of her brother, King Henry IV of France (III of Navarre), from 1576 until 1596. She was named after her godmother, the French queen Catherine de' Medici. Jeanne converted to Calvinism a year after Catherine's birth and declared it the official religion of the Kingdom of Navarre. Antoine, conversely, remained a Catholic and turned against his wife and threatened to divorce her. He died fighting for the Catholic cause on 17 November 1562. Catherine was with her mother and elder brother, Henry, as they fought for the Protestant cause. The Queen died on 9 June 1572, and Catherine's custody was assigned to Catherine de' Medici and Charles IX. During the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Catherine and her brother were forced to convert to Catholicism. After the death of Charles IX in 1574, the new king, Henry III, considered marrying Catherine. She almost married James VI of Scotland. Catherine's brother, successor of Queen Jeanne III, was generally absent in France. After his escape from captivity in 1576, he entrusted Catherine with the government of Béarn. She served almost continuously as regent until 1596, where among her other responsibilities, she, a staunch Protestant, hosted Antonio Perez, a famous Spanish Catholic refugee from King Philip II. After the accession of her brother to the French throne, in 1589, she was created Duchess of Albret and Countess of Armagnac. Appointed by her brother to sit on his Council as a representative of French Protestant interests in 1598, she set about persuading the Huguenots to agree to the Edict of Nantes. Catherine de Bourbon was also a writer. Her works consist principally of sonnets and correspondence. #catherinedebourbon #bourbon #henryiv #queen #bearn #protestant #huguenot #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #artist #painting #portrait #womenfromhistory #ruler

208 0 Nov 16, 2017

~ The empress of all Spain, Sancha of Leon ~ Sancha of León (1018–1067) was a Queen of León. Sancha was a daughter of Alfonso V of León by his first wife, Elvira Menéndez. She became a secular abbess of the Monastery of San Pelayo. In 1029, a political marriage was arranged between her and count García Sánchez of Castile. However, having traveled to León for the marriage, García was assassinated by a group of disgruntled vassals. In 1032, Sancha was married to García’s nephew and successor, Ferdinand I of León and Castile. At the Battle of Tamarón in 1037 Ferdinand killed Sancha’s brother Bermudo III of León, making Sancha the heir and allowing Ferdinand to have himself crowned King of León, Sancha thereby became Queen. Following Ferdinand’s 1065 death and the division of her husband’s kingdom, she is said to have played the futile role of peacemaker among her sons. She was a devout Catholic, who, with her husband, commissioned the crucifix that bears their name as a gift for the Basilica of San Isidoro. #sanchaofleon #spain #leon #empress #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlover #painting #portrait #artist #womenfromhistory # #middleages #medieval

149 0 Nov 16, 2017

~ Art inspiration... 🌹 Painting : Portrait of a lady wearing a white dress and a black hat, by Luigi RossI 🎨 #art #artlover #painting #portrait #artist #luigirossi #queen #woman #history #historylover #luigirossi #Rossi #womenfromhistory #artinspiration

169 1 Nov 16, 2017

Find out why Betty Shabazz is our #BackdatedBadass this week - presented by the fabulous Sheila Nortley 👑 Link in the URL, you can catch up on ITunes or on acast! ☝🏻☝🏼☝🏽☝🏾☝🏿 . . . #BAWH #badasswomen #womenfromhistory #womeninmedia # #history #historicalwomen #WCW #feminist #feminism #bawh #radio #Feminist #badasswomen

21 3 Nov 16, 2017

~ The powerfull duchess of Anjou, Yolande of Aragon ~ Yolande of Aragon (1384–1442) was a throne claimant and titular queen regnant of Aragon, titular queen consort of Naples, Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Provence, and regent of Provence during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of John I of Aragon and his wife Yolande of Bar (daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar, and Marie of Valois). Yolande played a crucial role in the struggles between France and England, influencing events such as the financing of Joan of Arc's army in 1429 that helped tip the balance in favour of the French. Tradition holds that she commissioned the famous Rohan Hours. #yolandeofaragon #aragon #joanofarc #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlover #portrait #painting #artist #womenfromhistory #middleages #medieval

118 0 Nov 15, 2017

~ The French artist, Rose-Adélaïde Ducreux ~ Rose-Adélaïde Ducreux (1761–1802) was a French painter and musician. Eldest daughter of Joseph Ducreux, with whom she also studied, she showed at the Louvre Salons in 1791, 1793, 1795, 1798, and 1799. She was accomplished both as a performer and as a composer. Ducreux first exhibited at one of Pahin de la Blancherie's bi-weekly exhibitions, known as the Salon de la Correspondance, in 1786. A self-portrait of Ducreux seated at a piano-forte, was misattributed to Jacques-Louis David for a long time, as were other works by her. Work by Decreux has also been misattributed to her contemporaries Antoine Vestier and Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun. In her brief career, Ducreux exhibited at a number of important exhibitions beginning in 1786 and continuing until 1799. Ducreux made her debut at the Louvre Salon in 1791, for which she submitted a portrait of a young woman and a life-size, full-length self-portrait in which she is depicted playing the harp; the latter oil on canvas is now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, though many of her works remain untraced today. She never signed her work. As with many women artists in the eighteenth century, Ducreux paints herself with an object of accomplishment, the harp, rather than her painterly tools in the fashion of her male counterparts. Rococo is a decorative style and is derived from the French word rocaille meaning shell. It emerged in France and spread throughout the world in the late 17th and early 18th century. This type of art style was marked by asymmetry, naturalism, pastel colors and delicate shell-like and watery forms. The French built town houses which adopted this type of style; they became intimate areas for community gathering and entertainment. Ducreux adopted this style in her work. The colors in her portraits were very light and gentle to the eye. These portraits were also asymmetric, often having the subject pose and stare off to the side while they seem to be doing something. #roseadelaideducreux #ducreux #rococo #painter #history #historylover #woman #queen #art #artlover #painting #womenfromhistory #independent

236 0 Nov 15, 2017

~ The American art patron, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney ~ Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1875—1942) was an American sculptor and art patron, founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City. #gertrudevanderbiltwhitney #sculptor #vintage #photography #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlover #artist #portrait #womenfromhistory

114 0 Nov 14, 2017

~The German queen of England, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ~ Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818) was by marriage to King George III, the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from her wedding in 1761 until the union of the two kingdoms in 1801, after which she was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818. She was also the Electress of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire until the promotion of her husband to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, after which she was also queen consort of Hanover. Queen Charlotte was a patroness of the arts and an amateur botanist, who helped expand Kew Gardens. George III and Charlotte had 15 children, 13 of whom survived to adulthood. She was distressed by her husband's bouts of physical illness and insanity, which became permanent in later life and resulted in their eldest son's appointment as Prince Regent in 1811. Charlotte did have some influence on political affairs through the King, an influence she was not considered to abuse. Her influence was discreet and indirect, as demonstrated in the correspondence with her brother Charles. She used her closeness with George III to keep herself informed and make recommendations for offices. Charlotte particularly interested herself in German issues. She took an interest in the War of the Bavarian Succession of 1778, and it is possible that it was due to her efforts that the King supported British intervention in that war in 1785. #charlotteofmecklenburgsterlitz #queencharlotte #queen #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #painting #portrait #artist #womenfromhistory #monarchy #ruler

152 1 Nov 13, 2017

~The queen of Cyprus, Helena Palaiologina ~ Helena Palaiologina (1428–1458) was a Byzantine princess of the Palaiologos family, who became the Queen consort of Cyprus and Armenia, titular Queen consort of Jerusalem, and Princess of Antioch through her marriage to King John II of Cyprus and Armenia. She was the mother of Queen Charlotte of Cyprus. She poisoned her son-in-law John of Portugal, and ordered the nose of her husband's mistress to be cut off. She did, however, welcome and assist many Byzantine refugees in Cyprus after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Helena was largely responsible for the revival of Greek influence in Cyprus due to the numerous members of the Byzantine court who arrived in her wake and were given positions at the Lusignan court. This led to a renewal of ties with the Byzantine Empire. She was described as having been "stronger in character than her husband". She took charge of the kingdom, and her policies in favour of the Orthodox faith and Greek culture enraged the Franks who looked upon her as a dangerous enemy; however she had become far too powerful for them to attack. Pope Pius II also condemned her for supporting the Orthodox Church, and her endowment of 15,000 ducats per annum to the monastery of Saint George of Mangana also drew much criticism as it was considered to have been "extravagant generosity in impoverished times". The Greek Cypriots, on the other hand, had always revered Helena as a great heroine due to her bold, decisive character in looking after their interests. #helenapalaiologina #byzance #cyprus #queen #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #artist #engraving #woodcut #illumination #medieval #middleages #womenfromhistory #ruler #independent

114 0 Nov 13, 2017

~ The "queen's permission", Elizabeth Throckmorton ~ . Elizabeth “Bess” Throckmorton was born in 1565, to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton and Anne Carew. Nicholas Throckmorton was a diplomat and politician during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was instrumental in the relationship between Elizabeth and her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. In 1584, Bess went to court and became a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth. Eventually she became Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber. She was responsible for dressing the Queen. Bess and her younger brother, Arthur were both courtiers. Bess was described by her contemporaries as ”intelligent, forthright, passionate, and courageous”. . After six years at court (roughly 25 years old) the still single Bess met Walter Raleigh who was quickly becoming one of the Queen Elizabeth’s favorites. As a lady to the Queen it was necessary to get permission to be courted. The Queen must give her approval of any man wishing to court one of her ladies as they were supposed to be seen as extremely virtuous women. Bess Throckmorton and Walter Raleigh had a secret and intimate relationship without the permission of the Queen. Bess’ marriage to Sir Walter Raleigh and the birth of their child was discovered by Queen Elizabeth. They were both thrown into the Tower of London. After the death of their son the Queen chose to release the couple. Queen Elizabeth never forgave Bess for her betrayal and Raleigh was ordered not to be seen at court for one year. Bess never returned to favor. She also never returned into the favor of her dear cousin, the Queen. It appears that a woman who was closest to the Queen must not fall for anyone the Queen dearly loved, or she would lose the love of her Queen. #elizabeththrockmorton #elizabethi #courtier #queen #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #portrait #artist #painting #womenfromhistory

88 1 Nov 12, 2017

~ The philanthropist, Rebecca Gratz ~ Rebecca Gratz (1781–1869) was a preeminent Jewish American educator and philanthropist in the 19th century. Gratz was the seventh of twelve children born to Miriam Simon and Michael Gratz. Her mother was the daughter of Joseph Simon, a preeminent Jewish merchant of Lancaster, while her father immigrated to America in 1752 from Langendorf, in German-speaking Silesia. Michael, who was descended from a long line of respected rabbis, and Miriam, were observant Jews and active members of Philadelphia’s first synagogue, Mikveh Israel. In 1801, at the age of 20, Rebecca Gratz helped establish the Female Association for the Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstances, which helped women whose families were suffering after the American Revolutionary War.In 1815, after seeing the need for an institution for orphans in Philadelphia, she was among those instrumental in founding the Philadelphia Orphan Asylum. Under Gratz' auspices, a Hebrew Sunday School, the first of its kind in America, was started in 1838. Gratz became both its superintendent and president. Gratz was also one of the founding members of the Female Hebrew Benevolent Society, in 1819. In 1850, she advocated in The Occident, over the signature A Daughter of Israel, the foundation of a Jewish foster home. Her advocacy was largely instrumental in the establishment of such a home in 1855. #rebeccagratz #educator #philanthropist #jewish #independent #intelligent #history #historylover #woman #queen #strong #art #artlover #portrait #artist #painting #woodcut #engraving #womenfromhistory

123 0 Nov 12, 2017
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