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~ The Byzantine ruler, Irene ~ Irene was born in 752 in Athens. She was a Byzantine ruler and saint of the Greek Orthodox Church, who was instrumental in restoring the use of icons in the Eastern Roman Empire. The wife of the Byzantine emperor Leo IV, Irene became, on her husband’s death in 780, guardian of their son, Constantine VI, and co-emperor with him. Later in that year she crushed a plot by Iconoclast to put Leo’s half brother, Nicephorus, on the throne. Irene favoured the restoration of the use of icons, which had been prohibited in 730. She had Tarasius, one of her supporters, elected patriarch of Constantinople and then summoned a council on the subject. When it met in Constantinople in 786, it was broken up by Iconoclast soldiers. Another council, which is recognized by both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches as the Seventh Ecumenical Council, met at Nicaea in 787 and restored the cult of images. As Constantine approached maturity, he grew resentful of his mother’s controlling influence in the empire. Constantine VI was proclaimed sole ruler and his mother banished from court. In January 792, however, Irene was allowed to return to court and even to resume her position as co-ruler. By skillful intrigues with the bishops and courtiers she organized a conspiracy against Constantine, who was arrested and blinded at his mother’s orders (797). Irene then reigned alone as emperor (not empress) for five years. In 798 she opened diplomatic relations with the Western emperor Charlemagne, and in 802 a marriage between her and Charlemagne was reportedly contemplated. In 802 a conspiracy of officials and generals deposed her and placed on the throne Nicephorus, the minister of finance. She was exiled, first to the island of Prinkipo (now Büyükada) and then to Lesbos. Irene’s zeal in restoring icons and her patronage of monasteries ensured her a place among the saints of the Greek Orthodox Church. #irene #empress #emperor #queen #byzance #byzantine #orthodox #feminist #feminism #strong #princess #saint #history #historylover #medievalhistory #middleages #woman #art #artlover #mosaique #artist #portrait #womenfromhistory #ruler #independent

44 0 Sep 21, 2017

~ The Louis XIV's secret lover, Henrietta of England ~ . Henrietta Anne Of England waw born in 1644. She was an English princess and duchesse d’Orléans, but also a notable figure at the court of her brother-in-law King Louis XIV of France. The youngest child of King Charles I of England (beheaded in 1649), she was reared as an exile by her mother, Henrietta Maria, in Paris. Her brother Charles II was restored to the English throne in 1660, and in 1661, Henrietta was married to Philippe de France, duc d’Orléans, the homosexual brother of Louis XIV. Since her husband ignored her, Henrietta had a brief affair with the King and then formed a liaison with Armand de Gramont, comte de Guiche. . In 1670 she went to England and played a vital role in the secret negotiations with Charles II that led to the Treaty of Dover, allying England and France against the Dutch. Shortly after returning to France she died suddenly. It was generally believed that she had been poisoned by one of her husband’s friends, but historians have concluded that she died of natural causes, perhaps of a ruptured appendix. Marie-Louise, one of her two surviving daughters by Orléans, became the wife of King Charles II of Spain. #henriettedangleterre #henriettaofengland #louisxiv #versailles #king #queen #bourbon #power #ruler #powerful #monarchy #royal #history #historylover #woman #strong #princess #feminist #feminism #art #artist #artlover #painting #portrait #womenfromhistory #independent #mistress

74 1 Sep 20, 2017

Find out why Louise Hay is our #BackdatedBadass this week - presented by the fabulous samanthaand_ 👑 Link in the URL, you can catch up on ITunes or on acast! ☝🏻☝🏼☝🏽☝🏾☝🏿 . . . #BAWH #badasswomen #womenfromhistory #womeninmedia # #history #historicalwomen #WCW #feminist #feminism

11 1 Sep 20, 2017

~ The anglo-saxon ruler, Aethelflaed ~ . Aethelflaed, also called Lady of the Mercians, died in 918. She was an Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia in England and founder of Gloucester Abbey. The eldest child of King Alfred the Great, she helped her brother Edward the Elder, king of the West Saxons (reigned 899–924), in conquering the Danish armies occupying eastern England. . Aethelflaed became the effective ruler of Mercia some years before the death (911) of her husband, Aethelred, ealdorman of the Mercians. While Edward fortified (910–916) the southeast Midlands, Aethelflaed was building fortresses around Mercia. By 917 she and Edward were ready to launch a massive joint assault on the Danish positions. Aethelflaed quickly captured Derby, and in 918 she occupied Leicester, but she died before the campaign was successfully completed. Edward then claimed his sister’s kingdom and completed the subjugation of the Danes. . Because Aethelflaed had extended her influence into Wales and Northumbria, Edward was able to assert his authority over these regions as well. Thus, almost all of England came under his control. #aethelflead #ruler #warrior #anglosaxon #queen #strong #feminist #feminism #power #powerfull #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #middleages #medieval #medievalart #artist #womenfromhistory #sculpture #monarchy #gentlewoman

63 0 Sep 20, 2017

~ The Henry IV second wife, Marie de Médicis ~ . Marie de Médicis (in Italian Maria de’ Medici) was born in 1573 in Florence. She was the queen consort of King Henry IV of France (reigned 1589–1610) and, from 1610 to 1614, regent for her son, King Louis XIII (reigned 1610–43). Marie was the daughter of Francesco de’ Medici, grand duke of Tuscany, and Joanna of Austria. Shortly after Henry IV divorced his first wife, he married Marie (1600). In 1601 Marie gave birth to the dauphin Louis (the future Louis XIII). Nevertheless, their relationship was strained. Marie resented Henry’s endless infidelities, and the king despised her unscrupulous Florentine favourites, Concino Concini and his wife Leonora. Upon the assassination of Henry IV (1610) the Parlement of Paris proclaimed Marie regent for young King Louis XIII. Guided by Concini (now the Marquis d’Ancre), Marie reversed Henry’s anti-Spanish policy. Although Louis XIII came of age to rule in 1614, Marie and Ancre ignored him and continued to govern in his name. On April 24, 1617, Louis’s favourite, Charles d’Albert de Luynes, had Ancre assassinated. Marie was then exiled to Blois, but in February 1619 she escaped and raised a revolt. Her principal adviser, the future Cardinal de Richelieu, negotiated the peace by which she was allowed to set up her court at Angers. Richelieu again won favourable terms for her after the defeat of her second rebellion (1620). Readmitted to the king’s council in 1622, Marie obtained a cardinal’s hat for Richelieu, and in 1624 she persuaded Louis to make him chief minister. Richelieu, however, did not intend to be dominated by Marie. He enraged her by rejecting the Franco-Spanish alliance and allying France with Protestant powers. By 1628 Marie was the cardinal’s worst enemy. In the crisis known as the Day of the Dupes (1630), she demanded that Louis dismiss the minister. In February 1631 Marie was banished to Compiègne. #mariedemedicis #medicis #medici #louisxiii #henryiv #richelieu #queen #king #monarchy #frenchmonarchy #bourbon #feminist #feminism #history #historylover #woman #strong #art #artlover #painting #painter #artist #portrait #womenfromhistory #royal #ruler #noble

99 0 Sep 20, 2017

~ The French scientist and philosopher, the marquise du Châtelet ~ Gabrielle-Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was born in 1706, in Paris. She was a French mathematician, physicist and the mistress of Voltaire. She was married at 19 to the Marquis Florent du Châtelet, governor of Semur-en-Auxois. The marquis then took up a military career and saw his wife only infrequently. Mme du Châtelet returned to Paris and its dazzling social life in 1730 and had several lovers before entering into an affair and intellectual alliance with Voltaire in 1733. She was able to extricate the intemperate Voltaire from many personal and political difficulties, such as those following the publication of his Lettres philosophiques in 1734. To avoid an arrest warrant, Voltaire left Paris in June of that year, taking refuge in Mme du Châtelet’s château at Cirey in Champagne. In this haven they pursued their writing and philosophical and scientific discussions. In 1738, Mme du Châtelet and Voltaire competed independently for a prize offered by the Academy of Sciences for an essay on the nature of fire. Although the prize was won by t Leonhard Euler, Mme du Châtelet’s Dissertation sur la nature et la propagation du feu was published in 1744 at the Academy’s expense. She wrote several other scientific treatises and many posthumously published works on philosophy and religion. Voltaire and Mme du Châtelet continued to live together even after she began an affair with the poet Jean-François de Saint-Lambert; and when she died in childbirth at the court of Stanislas Leszczyński, Duke of Lorraine, these men and her husband were with her. From 1745 until her death she had worked unceasingly on the translation of Sir Isaac Newton’s Principia Mathematica. It was published in part, with a preface by Voltaire, in 1756. The entire work appeared in 1759 and was for many years the only French translation of the Principia. #marquiseduchatelet #madameduchatelet #voltaire #scientist #feminist #feminism #independent #intelligent #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #artlover #painter #painting #portrait #womenfromhistory #newton #artist #power #ruler #powerful

86 2 Sep 19, 2017

~ The great Byzantine empress, Theodora ~ . Theodora, was born in 497 in Constantinople [now Istanbul, Turkey]. She was a Byzantine empress, wife of the emperor Justinian I (reigned 527–565), and probably the most powerful woman in Byzantine history. Her intelligence and political acumen made her Justinian’s most trusted adviser and enabled her to use the power and influence of her office to promote religious and social policies that favoured her interests. Her father, Acacius, was a bear keeper at the Hippodrome (circus) in Constantinople. We say that she became an actress and prostitute while still young. When Justinian met her, she had been converted to monophysitism, a non-orthodox doctrine. Attracted by her beauty and intelligence, he made her his mistress and married her in 525. When Justinian succeeded to the throne in 527, she was proclaimed augusta. Theodora exercised considerable influence, and though she was never coregent, her superior intelligence and deft handling of political affairs caused many to think that it was she, rather than Justinian, who ruled Byzantium. Her name is mentioned in nearly all the laws passed during that period. She received foreign envoys and corresponded with foreign rulers, functions usually reserved for the emperor. Her influence in political affairs was decisive, as illustrated in the Nika revolt of January 532. The two political factions in Constantinople, the Blues and the Greens, united in their opposition to the government and set up a rival emperor. Justinian’s advisers urged him to flee, but Theodora advised him to stay and save his empire. Theodora is remembered as one of the first rulers to recognize the rights of women, passing strict laws to prohibit the traffic in young girls and altering the divorce laws to give greater benefits to women. She spent much of her reign trying to mitigate the laws against the monophysites. #theodora #empress #empire #justinian #byzance #byzantine #constantinople #romanempire #middleages #history #historylover #woman #strong #queen #feminism #feminist #art #mosaic #medievalart #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #powerfull #ruler #monarchy #noble

77 2 Sep 19, 2017

~ One of the most powerful marquise under Louis XV, the marquise de Prie ~ . Jeanne Agnès Berthelot de Pléneuf, marquise de Prie (1698-1727) was a French noblewoman who for a brief period exercised extraordinary control of the French court during the reign of Louis XV. She was the daughter of the financier Étienne Berthelot de Pléneuf. At the age of fifteen she was married to Louis, marquis de Prie, and went with him to the court of Savoy at Turin, where he was ambassador. At the age of 21, she returned to France, and was soon the declared mistress of Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon. During his ministry (1723–1725) she dominated the royal court. She engineered the marriage of Louis XV of France to Marie Leszczynska instead of to Mademoiselle de Vermandois, the younger sister of the Duc de Bourbon. In 1725, her scheme to have Bourbon's rival Fleury exiled failed. Instead, Fleury was recalled and Bourbon banished to Chantilly. Madame de Prie herself was exiled to Courbépine, where she committed suicide the next year. Her exile from the court and suicide are the subject of a short fictional work by Stefan Zweig, "Geschichte eines Unterganges" or "Story of a Downfall" (1910). . #marquisedeprie #marquise #mistress #history #historylover #woman #strong #queen #painting #portrait #art #artlover #arthistory #womenfromhistory #mornachy #versailles #bourbon #stefanzweig #louisxv #power #powerful #ruler #noble #king

85 2 Sep 18, 2017

~ Did you know ? The Affair of the Poisons ~ . The Affair of the Poisons was one of the most sensational criminal cases of 17th-century in France. In 1679, an inquiry revealed that nobles, prosperous bourgeois, and the common people alike had been resorting secretly to female fortune-tellers (at that time numerous in Paris) for drugs and poisons, for black masses, and for other criminal purposes. It all begin with the marquise of Brinvilliers' trial and execution. Nicolas de La Reynie, whose diligent investigation took three years, headed the inquiry. A special tribunal for the trial of the accused, known as the chambre ardente, was created in April 1679. It held 210 sessions at the Arsenal in Paris, issued 319 writs of arrest, and sentenced 36 persons to death, including the poisoner La Voisin (Catherine Deshayes, Madame Monvoisin, on the first picture), who was burned on Feb. 22, 1680. Among the many members of French society who were implicated was Madame de Montespan, the mistress of King Louis XIV. She was accused by Voisin’s daughter and her accomplices of being a customer of La Voisin from 1667; of resorting to magic and philtres to win the King’s love; of participating in black masses; and of attempting to poison her young rival, Mlle de Fontanges, and the King. Louis suspended the public proceedings after the accusations against Madame de Montespan but ordered the continuation of the inquiry. Thus, most of the chief offenders, who had managed by their accusations to transform a criminal trial into an affair of state, escaped execution and ended their lives in various provincial prisons. The charges concerning black masses and attempted poisonings were never proved against Madame de Montespan. Second picture : the marquise of Brinvilliers being tortured. #affairedespoisons #affairofthepoisons #poison #bourbon #king #montesapan #madamedemontespan #woman #womanhistory #womenfromhistory #art #artlover #woodcut #engraving #witch #witchcraft #history #historylover #duchessedefontanges #louisxiv #versailles #marquisedebrinvilliers

53 3 Sep 18, 2017

~ The last shine of Louis XIV, the duchess of Fontanges ~ . Marie Angélique de Scorailles (1661-1681) was a French noblewoman and one of the mistresses of Louis XIV. A lady-in-waiting to his sister-in-law Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine, the Duchess of Orléans, she caught the attention of the Sun King and became his lover in 1679. Her family realized that her beauty was a great asset and raised enough money to send her to court with an unspoken yet precise aim of replenishing the family coffers from the royal bed. Louis XIV was then torn in between the affections of Marquise de Montespan and Madame de Maintenon. Infatuated by the beauty of the young girl, the King suddenly abandoned both women. Now the stand-off between Athénaïs and La Maintenon was suddenly eclipsed by a new passion which appeared to threaten them equally. Despite her physical charm, Marie Angélique was, in the court parlance, "as stupid as a basket,". This declaration made Montespan and Maintenon certain that Louis XIV would return to either one of them. Arrangements were quickly made, and, a few weeks after the presentation of the young girl to court, the king made her his new favourite. Louis showed his great affection for Marie by wearing ribbons often matched to hers. This flattery spoiled her, and she began to consider herself as the Queen. She flaunted herself before Queen Marie Thérèse, and put Athénaïs de Montespan to shame with her behavior. Soon it appeared she was pregnant, causing the wrath of Madame de Montespan. Marie Angélique died during the Affaire des Poisons scandal in France. Poisoning was suspected to be her cause of death. During the interrogation of the accused witches and wizards, some of them mentioned the name of Mademoiselle de Fontanges, referring to a plot they planned on the duchess. The first witness who testified was Marguerite Monvoisin, the daughter of the sorceress La Voisin. #marirangeliquedescorailles #duchessoffontanges #duchessedefontanges #mistress #louisxiv #bourbon #versailles #king #monarchy #favourite #frenchmonarchy #history #historylover #painting #art #artlover #portrait #womenfromhistory #affairedespoisons #affairofthepoisons #woman

92 2 Sep 18, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists ~ . To end this weekly series, we can say that women were marginalised in the art world. It was not until the twentieth century, and even the second half of this century, that we see women dedicate themselves to painting by approaching all subjects without any scandal. Suzanne Valadon, Hermine David, Marie Laurencin, Maria Elena Vieira da Silva, Frida Kahlo, Tamara de Lempicka, and so on. Women painters, however, are still sometimes devalued. They are seen as the wife of, the mother of, the sister of, the mistress of, etc., before being considered as artists. Thus, Suzanne Valadon is first the mother of Utrillo; we are interested only in his works. Sonia Delaunay is first the wife of Robert Delaunay. In the same way we talk about the brothers Duchamp while forgetting their sister Suzanne who nevertheless influenced her husband Jean-Joseph Crotti. Women were admitted to the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris only in 1897, and with many restrictions: they were entitled only to clothed models. It was not until 1900 that the Beaux-Arts of Paris accepted female pupils without restrictions. The first women winners of the Prix de Rome of painting were Odette Pauvert in 1925, Jeanne Leroux in 1927, Irène Kalebdjian in 1930, and Alice Richter, who won two awards in Rome in 1933 and 1939. Painting by Vittorio Reggianini, repost from paintingsofwomen . #vittorioreggianini #painter #painting #portrait #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent

189 1 Sep 17, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Berthe Morisot • ~ . Berthe Morisot was born in 1841 and was a French painter and printmaker who exhibited regularly with the Impressionists and, despite the protests of friends and family, continued to participate in their struggle for recognition. The daughter of a high government official (and a granddaughter of the important Rococo painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard), Morisot decided early to be an artist and pursued her goal with seriousness and dedication. From 1862 to 1868 she worked under the guidance of Camille Corot. She first exhibited paintings at the Salon in 1864. Her work was exhibited there regularly through 1874, when she vowed never to show her paintings in the officially sanctioned forum again. In 1868 she met Édouard Manet, who was to exert a tremendous influence over her work. He did several portraits of her. Manet had a liberating effect on her work, and she in turn aroused his interest in outdoor painting. In 1874 she married Manet’s younger brother, Eugène, also a painter. Morisot’s work never lost its Manet-like quality, an insistence on design, nor did she become as involved in colour-optical experimentation as her fellow Impressionists. Her paintings frequently included members of her family, particularly her sister, Edma. Delicate and subtle, exquisite in colour, often with a subdued emerald glow, they won her the admiration of her Impressionist colleagues. Like that of the other Impressionists, her work was ridiculed by many critics. Never commercially successful during her lifetime, she nevertheless outsold Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley. She was a woman of great culture and charm and counted among her close friends Stéphane Mallarmé, Edgar Degas, Charles Baudelaire, Émile Zola, Emmanuel Chabrier, Renoir, and Monet. #berthemorisot #morisot #painter #painting #portrait #impressionist #impressionism #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent

79 2 Sep 17, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Rosa Bonheur • ~ . Rosa Bonheur was born in 1822 in Bordeaux. She was a French painter and sculptor famed for the remarkable accuracy and detail of her pictures featuring animals. Toward the end of her career those qualities were accentuated by a lighter palette and the use of a highly polished surface finish. She was trained by her father, Raymond Bonheur, an art teacher and a follower of the social theorist Henri de Saint-Simon. In 1836, she met Nathalie Micas, who became a lifelong companion. By the time Bonheur was in her teens, her talent for sketching live animals had manifested itself, and—rejecting training as a seamstress—she began studying animal motion and forms on farms, in stockyards, and at animal markets, horse fairs, and slaughterhouses, observing and sketching them and gaining an intimate knowledge of animal anatomy. At the Salon of 1841 she exhibited two paintings, Goats and Sheep and Rabbits Nibbling Carrots (1840). . Her sketching visits to those public places were largely the domain of men, as well as her work in the studio, prompted her by at least the early 1850s to eschew traditional female clothing for the trousers and loose blouse of a male peasant. She continued to dress in masculine attire for the rest of her life, though she came to be mocked and disparaged for her garb. Like novelist George Sand, whom Bonheur admired, she obtained police authorization to dress as she did (1852).Bonheur also made a number of sketching trips to such regions as Auvergne and the Pyrenees, as well as to London, Birmingham, and Scotland. She exhibited regularly at the Salon from 1841 to 1855, winning exemption from jury approval in 1853. Her work rapidly gained popularity in the United States and Britain. The Horse Fair (1853), considered to be her masterpiece, was acquired in 1887 by Cornelius Vanderbiltfor a record sum and became one of her most widely reproduced works. #rosabonheur #painter #painting #portrait #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #intelligent #powerfull #ruler #noble

107 2 Sep 16, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Madame Cavé • ~ . Madame Cavé was born in 1806 in Paris. She was a French painter and drawing professor. Born Marie-Élisabeth Blavot and also known as Marie Monchablon in her youth (from her mother's name), she married the painter Clément Boulanger and then, after Boulanger's death, Edmond Cavé, whom she also outlived. Known as Madame Cavé during the July Monarchy due to her husband's official duties, she was equally friendly with Neoclassicistadmirers of Ingres and with Romantic painters such as Delacroix, with whom she was friends. After she was widowed, she taught drawing to young women and published two teaching pamphlets on drawing and colour during the Second French Empire. She later also published reflections on women's conduct and place in society. She exhibited at the Paris Salon several times and gained quite a favourable critical reputation, though critics praised her for not stepping beyond her rôle and talent as a woman. She herself wrote in 1850 "for too often ideas of great painting, of history painting, as it's called in our own times, comes to trouble [the spirits of young girls]. Ambition to equal men, to rival them, loses them." She initially wrote a work on artistic training, Le dessin sans maître (1850), which explained the Cavé Method, which she said she had used since 1847. It aimed to exercise visual memory, a basic aptitude necessary for drawing. Delacroix wrote a favourable review in the Revue des deux Mondes of September 1850. Madame Cavé then wrote L'aquarelle sans maître (Watercolour without a master), in which she discussed colour. These two small books combined a learning method, practical advice, reflections on the theoretical order of arts and crafts and moral treatments of women's place in society. #madamecave #cavé #marieelisabethboulanger #painted #painting #portrait #romanticism #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent #neoclassicism

61 1 Sep 16, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Elisabeth-Sophie Chéron • ~ . Born in Paris in 1648, Élisabeth Sophie Chéron was the daughter of Henri Chéron, a French miniature painter, enameller, and engraver. She was trained in the art of painting in enamel by her father and proved a very successful pupil by the age of fourteen, she had already "acquired a name." She had also experienced conflict in her family : her Huguenot father was a strict Calvinist, and she had been raised in the reformed faith, but her mother, Marie Lefebvre, was Catholic. Despite her father's preferred religion, the young Élisabeth Sophie spent at least a year in the Benedictine convent of the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Jouarre. It was in the convent that she began her work, painting portraits of some of her aristocratic classmates and of the abbess, Henriette Lourraine. In 1672, she was admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, sponsored by the French painter Charles Le Brun. Between 1673 and 1690 she exhibited her work frequently. In 1700, she was provided with an annual pension of 400 livres by the French king, Louis XIV. Although known for her portraits, particularly those produced with royal patronage, Chéron also produced paintings with classical themes, religious subjects, and landscapes. #elisabethsophiecheron #cheron #chéron #painter #painting #portrait #louisxiv #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent #engraving #woodcut #classicism #baroque

80 1 Sep 16, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Marie-Guillemine Benoist • ~ Marie-Guillemine Benoist was a French woman painter. She first studied with Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun in 1781 and in 1786 worked in the studio of Jacques-Louis David. In 1784 she met the poet Charles-Albert Demoustier (1760-1801), and the figure of Emilie in his Lettres de la mythologie represents her. She exhibited at the Salon in 1791 (Psyche Taking Leave of her Family) and obtained a gold medal there in 1804. Her reputation as a portrait painter brought her commissions from Napoleon and his family: in 1803 she painted the portrait of the emperor Napoleon and in 1807 of Pauline Bonaparte. She also executed the portraits of Marie-Elise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and the empress Marie-Louise. She made her name with the semi-nude Portrait of a Negress (exhibited on the Salon 1800; Paris, Louvre), in which she broke with the graceful style of her early works. Benoist also attempted genre scenes, for example The Fortune-teller (1812) and the Bible Reading (1810), an intimate scene close to those of Martin Drolling, although with less emphasis on detail. On the restoration of the Monarchy in 1815, her husband, the advocate Pierre-Vincent Benoist, whom she had married in 1793, was made a member of the Council of State and, although at the summit of her career, she was obliged to abandon painting. #marieguilleminebenoist #benoist #vigeelebrun #painter #painting #portrait #neoclassical #neoclassicism #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent

89 0 Sep 15, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun • ~ . Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun was born in 1755 in Paris. She was a French painter, one of the most successful women artists (unusually so for her time), particularly noted for her portraits of women. Her father and first teacher, Louis Vigée, was a noted portraitist who worked chiefly in pastels. In 1776 she married an art dealer, J.-B.-P. Lebrun. Her great opportunity came in 1779 when she was summoned to Versailles to paint a portrait of Queen Marie-Antoinette. The two women became friends, and in subsequent years Vigée-Lebrun painted more than 20 portraits of Marie-Antoinette in a great variety of poses and costumes. She also painted a great number of self-portraits, in the style of various artists whose work she admired. In 1783, because of her friendship with the queen, Vigée-Lebrun was grudgingly accepted into the Royal Academy. On the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, she left France and for 12 years lived abroad, traveling to Rome, Naples, Vienna, Berlin, St. Petersburg, and Moscow, painting portraits and playing a leading role in society. In 1801 she returned to Paris but, disliking Parisian social life under Napoleon, she soon left for London, where she painted portraits of the court, of Lord Byron, and painted a portrait of Mme de Staël. She returned to Paris (1810), where she continued to paint until her death. Vigée-Lebrun was a woman of much wit and charm, and her memoirs, Souvenirs de ma vie (1835 “Reminiscences of My Life”), provide a lively account of her life and times. She was one of the most technically fluent portraitists of her era, and her pictures are notable for freshness, charm, and sensitivity of presentation. During her career, according to her own account, she painted 900 pictures, including some 600 portraits and about 200 landscapes. #elisabethvigeelebrun #vigeelebrun #versailles #marieantoinette #painter #painting #portrait #neoclassical #neoclassicism #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent

111 5 Sep 15, 2017

~ Weekly series : women artists • Artemisia Gentileschi • ~ . Artemisia was born in 1593 in Rome and was an Italian painter, daughter of Orazio Gentileschi, who was a major follower of the revolutionary Baroque painter Caravaggio. She was an important second-generation proponent of Caravaggio’s dramatic realism. A pupil of her father and of his friend the landscape painter Agostino Tassi, she painted at first in a style indistinguishable from her father’s somewhat lyrical interpretation of Caravaggio’s example. Her first known work is Susanna and the Elders (1610), an accomplished work long attributed to her father. She also painted two versions of a scene already essayed by Caravaggio (but never attempted by her father), Judith Beheading Holofernes (1620). She was raped by Tassi, and, when he did not fulfill his promise to marry her, Orazio Gentileschi in 1612 brought him to trial. During that event she herself was forced to give evidence under torture. In 1616 she joined Florence’s Academy of Design, she was the first woman to do so. She began to develop her own distinct stylen she specialized in history painting. In Florence she was associated with the Medici court and painted an Allegory of Inclination (1616). Her colours are more brilliant than her father’s, and she continued to employ the tenebrism. About 1630 she moved to Naples, and in 1638 she arrived in London, where she worked for King Charles I, with her father. They collaborates on the ceiling paintings of the Great Hall in the Queen’s House in Greenwich. After Orazio’s death in 1639, she stayed on in London for at least several more years. According to her biographer Baldinucci (who appended her life to that of her father), she painted many portraits and quickly surpassed her father’s fame. #artemisiagentileschi #gentileschi #caravaggio #painter #painting #portrait #tenebrism #baroque #historypainting #feminism #feminist #artist #weeklyseries #history #historylover #queen #woman #strong #art #arthistory #artlover #womenfromhistory #independent #princess #power #ruler #powerfull #noble #intelligent

80 0 Sep 14, 2017
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